1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital, Muscat, we can find a secure and pleasant country with changing landscapes that transit between wilderness and the warm Indian; and a population that will get you just like you were part of it. Oman is a nation situated in western Asia, on the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia towards the west and Yemen to the southwest. The coastline, meanwhile, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://visaoman.info)
To talk a little regarding its history, we have that Oman extends its beginnings to the Stone Age, given that there are indications of human settlements in the region, particularly in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. Moreover, the metropolis appears called for the first time in the 1st century AD. C., specifically when Greeks and Romans documented the existence of a crucial commercial port, what is now currently referred to as “Port of Muscat”, a link between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The battles for control of the port of Muscat have been frequent over the decades because of its strategic location between Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. That is to say, numerous have been the nations that have disputed the possession of the land, so it has been a vital factor for the growth and history of the country.
In the 3rd century, after going through the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I started an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era commenced when conversion to Islam occurred. This took place in the seventh century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already established. From that point on, this time frame that started and it extended till the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the battles for control of the city?
The Portuguese fleet first arrived in Muscat in 1507, but they were met with shots from the port. The fights for power over the metropolis were disastrous, but finally the Portuguese dominated over a hundred years. At that point the Muscat fortresses were designed, to protect against maritime strikes. Nonetheless, this did not prevent the conquest of the Turks, which occurred twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was elected imam of Oman, he was the one who got rid of the Portuguese and was accountable for uniting the country. He was also the creator of the Yaruba dynasty and also from it all the rulers of Oman emerged until 1749. It was a period of excellent territorial expansion since they conquered metropolitan areas of East Africa like Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity started in the midst of the 18th century, after having a civil war as well as the continuing incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. During those times, there was a power vacuum that led to theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most significant leader of the 19th century was Said bin Sultan; he increased military superiority and beaten Zanzibar.
How were your internal disputes?
Fights between the tribes inside the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the twentieth century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to request great britain for assistance to quell the revolts and also had to transfer his residence from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) orchestrated a coup d’etat and overthrew his father. Ever since then, it has the absolute power of the country, well known as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His official residence is in the Al Alam Palace.